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Treatment For Swelling In Legs And Feet

treatment for swelling in legs and feet

What Are The Treatment Options For Swollen Legs And Feet?

Swelling in legs and feet is one of the common leg problems that millions of people often face. If the swelling in your legs and feet is due to prolonged standing or sitting or extreme physical stress, then the swelling will go away on its own. However, swollen legs and feet can be a symptom of an underlying health condition like PAD, varicose veins, etc. So, you should be aware of treatment for swelling in your legs and feet and get treated quickly.

Understanding The Common Causes Of Leg And Feet Swelling


There are numerous causes of swelling in your legs and feet, such as being overweight, leg injury, pregnancy, high sodium intake, blood clots, leg infection, underlying medical conditions, side effects of certain medications, etc. Here are some of the best treatment options for swelling in the legs and feet.

1. Minimally Invasive Procedures

Swelling in your legs, especially lower legs and feet, is one of the warning signs and symptoms of varicose veins, peripheral artery disease, chronic venous insufficiency, etc. In this case, minimally invasive procedures are the best treatment options.


Some of the best minimally invasive procedures for treating swollen legs caused by varicose veins are laser ablation, sclerotherapy, phlebectomy, radiofrequency ablation, lysis therapy, and many more. You can consult Advanced Medical Group to learn more about the different minimally invasive procedures for treating swelling in your legs and feet.

2. Medications

If you have swelling in your legs and feet, one of the basic and most common treatment options is medications. The doctor may prescribe diuretics or fluid pills, mostly furosemide (Lasix), which will reduce the swelling.


If the swelling is caused by inflammation, your doctor may instruct you to use nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like naproxen, ibuprofen, etc. In addition to that, magnesium pills are also recommended, which will give relief from painful swelling.

3. Compression Stockings


Compression stockings or socks are also a practical treatment for swelling in the legs and feet. The doctor will recommend you wear compression or support stockings on your legs that will apply some amount of pressure to your limbs. This will help in reducing swelling in your legs and also relieve pain.


In addition to that, it is better to wear loose clothing to get more relief when your legs and feet are swollen. Also, make sure to avoid wearing tight clothes, especially skin-tight pants, which will increase the severity of your condition and cause more pain.

4. Leg Elevation


The most recommended treatment for leg swelling that is caused by peripheral artery disease is leg elevation. While resting or sleeping, your doctor will instruct you to keep your legs at an elevated position above your heart level. This way, your blood will flow properly and will not accumulate in your legs. It will reduce the swelling and discomfort in your legs and feet.

5. Ice Pack


Putting an ice pack on your legs will reduce the swelling quite easily. Make sure to apply an ice pack for about 15 to 20 minutes with an hour gap in between. Icing regularly will compress the blood vessels and reduce blood circulation to the area. As a result, the swelling and pain will reduce quickly. Make sure to avoid putting on a heat pack, as it might worsen the swelling.

6. Massage And Exercise

Leg massage without applying too much pressure will also reduce swelling and pain in your legs and feet. It is best to hire a physiotherapist who can gently massage your legs and feet, which will help improve your blood flow and circulation.


Also, your doctor may recommend light leg exercises that will give pain relief and reduce the swelling. These exercises are focused on improving your blood flow and circulation without straining your leg muscles.


Massage And Exercise

7. Lifestyle Changes


Lifestyle changes are also a good treatment option for swelling in your legs and feet. There are numerous lifestyle changes that your doctor will recommend, which include:


Your doctor may ask you to avoid taking excessive amounts of salt and carbohydrates. This is because consuming too much salt will increase the accumulation of fluid in your legs, which will make your legs even more swollen and painful. In short, it is better to reduce sodium intake and avoid salty fast food at all.


One of the common misconceptions when you have swollen legs is not to drink water. If your legs are swollen, it is relatively important to stay hydrated and drink about 8 ounces of water every 2 hours. If your body is dehydrated, your body is likely to conserve the remaining fluid, which leads to swollen legs and feet.


If the swelling in your legs is caused by sitting or standing in the same place without moving, then it is best to exercise on a regular basis. You should avoid prolonged standing or sitting and make sure to walk constantly. It is best to avoid a sedentary lifestyle and try your best to live an active lifestyle.


If the reason for swollen legs is obesity, you will need to lose excess fat. You can follow healthy weight loss tips like cutting down oily and sugar foods, eating a well-balanced diet, exercising regularly, etc.

8. Surgical Treatments


If your swollen legs and feet are caused due to an underlying medical condition like liver failure, heart failure, kidney failure, lymphedema, or others, then surgical treatments are required.


Depending on the severity of your medical condition, your doctor will recommend the proper surgical treatment. For instance, if your swollen legs are caused by varicose veins, you may undergo ligation & stripping, valve repair, vein bypass, or other surgical treatments.

When To Seek Professional Help?


Swelling in your legs and feet can be caused by a variety of factors, such as obesity, leg infections and injuries, blood clots, side effects of medications, underlying medical conditions, and many more. If you notice that the swelling in your legs is not going away even after a few days, it is best to consult a doctor. The doctor will diagnose and offer the best treatment for swelling in legs and feet.

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Fatima Shaik MD


Fatima Shaik is a board certified internist and cardiologist. She specializes in general cardiology and heart rhythm disorders. She cares for patients at Advanced Medical Group in Jersey City and North Bergen. She also performs procedures at Jersey City Medical Center.

She completed her undergraduate education at NYU and received her MD degree for SUNY Downstate Medical Center. She completed her residency training at Mount Sinai Beth Israel Medical Center and her cardiology fellowship at New York Presbyterian Queens. She went on for advanced training in electrophysiology at Cooper Hospital in Camden, NJ.
She is trained in device implantation, SVT and atrial fibrillation ablations as well as watchman implantations.
She is fluent in English and Hindi.
She is currently accepting new patients.

Reema Parikh, DPT

Physical Therapist

Reema Parikh received two bachelor’s degrees from Long Island University and Touro College, and graduated as a Doctor of Physical Therapy from Touro College in 2013. In her early years as a DPT, she received an award for excellence in research and taught a course for the national physical therapy licensing board exam. Dr. Parikh has a passion for helping patients on their health journey; she is experienced in all ages and care of patients, ranging from pediatric care to geriatric care. She has hosted live and virtual workouts for varying levels of physical activity, incorporating mobility and strength segments. Dr. Parikh has furthered her education by receiving certifications in many aspects of physical therapy and holistic care including Nutritional PT, Restorative Yoga, Pilates, and Reiki.

Ms. Maria Avila

Maria Avila, NP

Nurse Practitioner

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Aishwarya Parab, PT

Physical Therapist

Aishwarya Parab received her Bachelors in Physiotherapy in India in 2015 and furthered her studies at Long Island University where she graduated with her Masters in Exercise Science, Sports, and Nutrition in 2019. She has experience working with various conditions, including herniated disks, spondylolysis, and post-operative mobility issues. Aishwarya has taken courses to expand her knowledge in the physical therapy world, including spinal mobility courses, neuromuscular reeducation courses, and getting a certificate with Revolution in Motion. Aishwarya finds it exceedingly rewarding to build a long-term relationship with her patients and shows commitment towards providing structured and effective healthcare.

Dr. Prajakta Avhad

Prajakta Avhad, MD

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About Dr. Avhad
Dr. Prajakta Avhad is double board-certified in Pain Management and Anesthesiology. Dr. Avhad received her M.B.B.S. from MIMER, India, and completed her Surgical internship and Anesthesia residency at Brookdale University Hospital in Brooklyn, New York during which she interned at Memorial Sloan Kettering, St. Luke’s Roosevelt, and Staten Island Hospital.

She then completed her Pain Management Fellowship from Cleveland Clinic Foundation.

Dr. Avhad is a diplomate of the American Board of Anesthesiology and a member of the American Academy of Pain Medicine.

Dr. Avhad has been in practice in Central and South Jersey for more than 12years. She is a caring physician with expertise and experience in treating a spectrum of Pain conditions like chronic back and neck pain, herniated discs/sciatica with minimally invasive interventional procedures.

Dr. Avhad and her family reside in New Jersey. She is an avid gardener active with her kids, dog, and garden if not tending to her broad and exotic orchid collection.

Radhika Patel PA-C

Radhika Patel, PA-C

Physician Assistant located in Jersey City, NJ

About Patel
Graduating summa cum laude from Rutgers University with a BA in Biological Sciences and minor in Spanish, Radhika Patel obtained experiences in outpatient medicine as well as in emergency medical services prior to pursuing a career as a physician assistant. She graduated from the Rutgers University Physician Assistant program with a Master of Science after training in cardiology, internal medicine, and urgent care, among many other fields at various hospitals and private practices throughout the state of New Jersey. She is a proud member of the team at Advanced Garden State Cardiology and looks forward to meeting with patients each day in our Jersey City office.

Enrique D Chappilliquen Lucio, PA-C

Enrique Chappilliquen, PA-C

Physician Assistant located in Union City, NJ & Jersey City, NJ

About Dr. Chappilliquen
Graduated from Mercy College Physician Assistant Program with a Masters of Science in Physician Assistant Studies, Enrique has extensive experience in the medical field for more than 6 years.

He has clinical experience and training in internal medicine, cardiology, general and vascular surgery, hematology, oncology, and emergency medicine. He joined Dr. Richard’s practice in October of 2016. Since then, he has been a dedicated medical provider working in the Union City office and the Hematology/Oncology office in Jersey City as well.

As a Hispanic, he proudly serves his community with passion and devotion. Being able to communicate fluently with his patients allows him the opportunity to provide excellent medical care to the Hispanic community in Union City and Jersey City. Also, sharing the same language, culture, and values as his patients allows him to connect at a personal level with his patients. Enrique continues to develop his knowledge and skills constantly to continue satisfying the needs of his patients.

Dr Christopher Samaniego, DPM

Christopher Samaniego, DPM

Podiatrist located in Jersey City, NJ, Union City, NJ, and West New York, NJ

Christopher Samaniego, DPM, is originally from Freehold, New Jersey. He attended college at Messiah College, where he graduated Magna Cum Laude with a degree in Biology. He earned his podiatric medical degree from Temple University School of Podiatric Medicine in Philadelphia, PA and completed his surgical residency training at Detroit Medical Center in Detroit, MI. 

Dr. Samaniego provides comprehensive foot and ankle care at Advanced Medical Group in Jersey City, Union City, and West New York. His specialized surgical training includes

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Samaniego is a member of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons and the American Podiatric Medical Association. He keeps up to date on the latest surgical techniques and available technology in foot and ankle care.

Prior to joining Advanced Medical Group, Samaniego studied public healthcare in Zambia and assisted in providing care to the local community. He has also presented research at the annual meeting of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons. Samaniego achieved the highest rank of Eagle Scout through the Boy Scouts of America and volunteered with Troop 454 for scouts with special needs and the Freehold Public Library. In his free time, Samaniego volunteers with his local church community service and youth programs.

Samaniego resides in Jersey City, NJ and maintains his health by cycling and interval training several times a week. He explains, “Healthy doctors inspire healthy patients. I follow the same advice I give my patients, and I read constantly to become a better physician every day. I encourage my patients to ask questions and learn about the cause of their symptoms. An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure.”

Dr. Merwin Richard, MD. A cardiologist

Merwin Richard, MD

Cardiologist located in Jersey City, NJ & Union City, NJ

As an established board-certified internist and cardiologist, Merwin Richard, MD, has a reputation for helping patients with the most complex of health conditions. He cares for patients at Advanced Medical Group in West New York, Jersey City, and Union City, New Jersey.

Richard began his undergraduate education in medicine at Stanley Medical College in India. He earned his doctor of medicine degree from Tamil Nadu Dr. M.G.R. Medical University before relocating to New York City.

After completing both his internship and internal medicine residency through the Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Dr. Richard went through advanced fellowship training. He completed a cardiovascular fellowship at Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, then went on to finish a second fellowship in interventional cardiology through Mount Sinai School of Medicine (now Icahn).


Throughout his career, Richard has stayed involved in numerous research projects and previously served as a professor at the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey (now Rutgers University). Richard went on to become the director of the first cardiac catheterization and interventional laboratory in Jersey City and has extensive training in vein treatments.

To ensure he continues staying up to date with the latest research and techniques, Richard maintains his board memberships. He’s board certified through the American Board of Internal Medicine in cardiovascular disease and interventional cardiology.

Being fluent in English,  Spanish, and Tamil gives Richard the opportunity to communicate with patients from diverse cultural backgrounds. Richard is currently accepting new patients.