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Different Types Of Heart Attacks

Types Of Heart Attacks

Introduction To Types Of Heart Attacks In 2024

Heart attack is a serious disease that has taken thousands of lives until now. According to WHO reports, the number of deaths due to heart attacks increased by 12 per cent last year. Many experts believe that the heart attack variant not being confirmed in time is the reason for many of these cases. Yes, there are many types of heart attacks, and due to a lack of timely information and consciousness among patients, they are becoming even more deadly. If the possible variant is known, a patient can be saved by treating in the right direction. So, do you know what are different types of heart attacks?

In the following article, we are going to discuss the same. We will classify heart attacks based on symptoms, tests, and treatment. Moreover, we will also learn about their severity in real-time.

Types Of Heart Attacks: You Should Know

Majorly the classification of heart attacks is based on ECG and troponin present in the blood. According to the wide studies of ST segment and serum troponin level, four different types of heart attacks are tackled commonly:

  • STEMI Myocardial Infarction
  • NSTEMI Myocardial Infarction
  • Unstable Angina
  • Acute Coronary Spasm

STEMI Myocardial Infarction

STEMI is the most severe and common type of heart attack that physicians have to tackle in hospitals. STEMI is seen when blood flow to a major portion of the heart is blocked. This could be due to acute coronary blockage or complete damage to the coronary artery. Elevated ST segments can detect STEMI during ECG. It requires immediate treatment to save the life of the patient.

Symptoms Of STEMI

  • Mild to severe chest pain is observed in the early stage.
  • Patients can lose consciousness and become senseless as the blood flow stops to the brain.
  • High blood pressure and sweating are seen consistently in older patients.
  • Dilation of the pupil is one of the common signs of STEMI.
  • Shortness of breath and hypertension accompanies directly after the coronary blockage.

Test and Treatment

The doctors recommend ECG and blood troponin tests to confirm myocardial infarction. If the signs are confirmed, immediate angioplasty is conducted in most cases.

NSTEMI Myocardial Infarction

NSTEMI is slightly different from STEMI, where cardiac arrest is seen due to damage to the myeloma. This condition occurs due to myeloma or heart muscles not getting blood supply or defeat in contraction strength. NSTEMI is typically seen in age groups and people living a sedentary lifestyle. It can be treated in the primary stage. However, consequent attacks can lead to STEMI and death.


  • The feeling of weakness and laziness during normal work processes and exercise.
  • Sudden fall in blood pressure and feeling of dizziness.
  • Calcium deficiency can be a great cause of NSTEMI.
  • Feelings of nausea are seen sometimes but are not common.
  • Mild to severe chest pain is seen just before cardiac arrest.

Test And Treatment

The blood troponin test plays an important role in detecting NSTEMI. In the preliminary stage, cardiologists suggest medications to recover the contactory force of heart muscles. But in severe cases, the operation is the best choice to save the patient.

Different Types Of Heart Attacks

Unstable Angina

Unstable Angina or Angina Pectoris is a condition of severe chest pain due to oxygen deficiency in chest muscles. It has relatively common symptoms to STEMI and can lead to heart attack if not treated early. However, the severity and frequency are comparatively low compared to other variants.


  • Severe chest pain due to a deficiency of oxygen in the muscles. Sometimes, it feels like a heavy weight is placed over your chest.
  • Indigestion and nausea are common in such situations.
  • A temporary elevation is seen in blood pressure, especially unstable Angina.
  • Lightheadedness and dizziness are some of the common issues doctors address during patient treatment.

Test and Treatment

An Electrocardiogram or ECG is the test of choice to detect Angina. Common medications are prescribed to prevent further damage and aid in the patient’s recovery.

Acute Coronary Spasm

Patients having a history of arrhythmia can suffer from acute coronary spasms. It is a condition that mirrors myocardial infarction but differs in terms of clinical aspects. It is also known as a silent heart attack, as it causes a sudden block in the coronary artery for some time to create effects like a STEMI. Our Cardiologists say weaker hearts are more prone to suffer from this kind of situation.


Severe chest pain for a fraction of the time, followed by unconsciousness. Obesity and fatigue can be seen as long-term symptoms. Fluctuations in blood pressure are typical signs of acute coronary spasm. Nausea and indigestion are also seen in a potent number of patients.

Tests And Treatment

Increased blood troponin and an unstable ECG are conclusive tests for an acute coronary spasm. Immediate administration of atropine is suggested to prevent cardiac arrest, and angioplasty is conducted in severe cases.

FAQs For Types Of Heart Attacks

Can consistent pain in the chest muscles be a symptom of a heart attack?

Yes, it could be a sign of a heart attack. But it is not always true. There can be several reasons behind severe chest pain. Therefore, you should consult with your doctor before any conclusive decision.

Is angioplasty necessary during a heart attack?

Angioplasty is one of the common ways cardiologists suggest during severe heart attacks. However, the necessity depends on several factors, like the severity of the attack, the age of the patient, the medical history of the patient, and the cost of angioplasty.

Can living a sedentary lifestyle lead to a potential reason for Heart attack?

Unfortunately, yes. Advanced Medical Group, being one of the oldest medical giants, has seen hundreds of cases where people living a sedentary lifestyle suffer from heart attacks. But it is not necessarily true if you are taking proper care of your heart health by consuming good food and adopting healthy practices in your routine life.


Wrapping it up and understanding the type of heart attack can help in taking early action and can be a life-saving opportunity. Therefore, if you are feeling any symptoms, you should consult your medical advisor for further tests and medications.

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Fatima Shaik MD


Fatima Shaik is a board certified internist and cardiologist. She specializes in general cardiology and heart rhythm disorders. She cares for patients at Advanced Medical Group in Jersey City and North Bergen. She also performs procedures at Jersey City Medical Center.

She completed her undergraduate education at NYU and received her MD degree for SUNY Downstate Medical Center. She completed her residency training at Mount Sinai Beth Israel Medical Center and her cardiology fellowship at New York Presbyterian Queens. She went on for advanced training in electrophysiology at Cooper Hospital in Camden, NJ.
She is trained in device implantation, SVT and atrial fibrillation ablations as well as watchman implantations.
She is fluent in English and Hindi.
She is currently accepting new patients.

Reema Parikh, DPT

Physical Therapist

Reema Parikh received two bachelor’s degrees from Long Island University and Touro College, and graduated as a Doctor of Physical Therapy from Touro College in 2013. In her early years as a DPT, she received an award for excellence in research and taught a course for the national physical therapy licensing board exam. Dr. Parikh has a passion for helping patients on their health journey; she is experienced in all ages and care of patients, ranging from pediatric care to geriatric care. She has hosted live and virtual workouts for varying levels of physical activity, incorporating mobility and strength segments. Dr. Parikh has furthered her education by receiving certifications in many aspects of physical therapy and holistic care including Nutritional PT, Restorative Yoga, Pilates, and Reiki.

Ms. Maria Avila

Maria Avila, NP

Nurse Practitioner

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Aishwarya Parab, PT

Physical Therapist

Aishwarya Parab received her Bachelors in Physiotherapy in India in 2015 and furthered her studies at Long Island University where she graduated with her Masters in Exercise Science, Sports, and Nutrition in 2019. She has experience working with various conditions, including herniated disks, spondylolysis, and post-operative mobility issues. Aishwarya has taken courses to expand her knowledge in the physical therapy world, including spinal mobility courses, neuromuscular reeducation courses, and getting a certificate with Revolution in Motion. Aishwarya finds it exceedingly rewarding to build a long-term relationship with her patients and shows commitment towards providing structured and effective healthcare.

Dr. Prajakta Avhad

Prajakta Avhad, MD

Pain Management located in Franklin Township, Somerset, NJ & East Brunswick, NJ

About Dr. Avhad
Dr. Prajakta Avhad is double board-certified in Pain Management and Anesthesiology. Dr. Avhad received her M.B.B.S. from MIMER, India, and completed her Surgical internship and Anesthesia residency at Brookdale University Hospital in Brooklyn, New York during which she interned at Memorial Sloan Kettering, St. Luke’s Roosevelt, and Staten Island Hospital.

She then completed her Pain Management Fellowship from Cleveland Clinic Foundation.

Dr. Avhad is a diplomate of the American Board of Anesthesiology and a member of the American Academy of Pain Medicine.

Dr. Avhad has been in practice in Central and South Jersey for more than 12years. She is a caring physician with expertise and experience in treating a spectrum of Pain conditions like chronic back and neck pain, herniated discs/sciatica with minimally invasive interventional procedures.

Dr. Avhad and her family reside in New Jersey. She is an avid gardener active with her kids, dog, and garden if not tending to her broad and exotic orchid collection.

Radhika Patel PA-C

Radhika Patel, PA-C

Physician Assistant located in Jersey City, NJ

About Patel
Graduating summa cum laude from Rutgers University with a BA in Biological Sciences and minor in Spanish, Radhika Patel obtained experiences in outpatient medicine as well as in emergency medical services prior to pursuing a career as a physician assistant. She graduated from the Rutgers University Physician Assistant program with a Master of Science after training in cardiology, internal medicine, and urgent care, among many other fields at various hospitals and private practices throughout the state of New Jersey. She is a proud member of the team at Advanced Garden State Cardiology and looks forward to meeting with patients each day in our Jersey City office.

Enrique D Chappilliquen Lucio, PA-C

Enrique Chappilliquen, PA-C

Physician Assistant located in Union City, NJ & Jersey City, NJ

About Dr. Chappilliquen
Graduated from Mercy College Physician Assistant Program with a Masters of Science in Physician Assistant Studies, Enrique has extensive experience in the medical field for more than 6 years.

He has clinical experience and training in internal medicine, cardiology, general and vascular surgery, hematology, oncology, and emergency medicine. He joined Dr. Richard’s practice in October of 2016. Since then, he has been a dedicated medical provider working in the Union City office and the Hematology/Oncology office in Jersey City as well.

As a Hispanic, he proudly serves his community with passion and devotion. Being able to communicate fluently with his patients allows him the opportunity to provide excellent medical care to the Hispanic community in Union City and Jersey City. Also, sharing the same language, culture, and values as his patients allows him to connect at a personal level with his patients. Enrique continues to develop his knowledge and skills constantly to continue satisfying the needs of his patients.

Dr Christopher Samaniego, DPM

Christopher Samaniego, DPM

Podiatrist located in Jersey City, NJ, Union City, NJ, and West New York, NJ

Christopher Samaniego, DPM, is originally from Freehold, New Jersey. He attended college at Messiah College, where he graduated Magna Cum Laude with a degree in Biology. He earned his podiatric medical degree from Temple University School of Podiatric Medicine in Philadelphia, PA and completed his surgical residency training at Detroit Medical Center in Detroit, MI. 

Dr. Samaniego provides comprehensive foot and ankle care at Advanced Medical Group in Jersey City, Union City, and West New York. His specialized surgical training includes

  • Bunion
  • Hammertoe correction
  • Diabetic foot care
  • Fungal nail care
  • Plantar fasciitis, tendinitis, orthotics
  • Gout, warts, neuroma care
  • Flat feet and high arched feet
  • Foot and ankle trauma
  • Adult and paediatric foot conditions
  • Arthritis of the foot and ankle
  • Arthroscopy, joint replacement, minimally invasive techniques

Samaniego is a member of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons and the American Podiatric Medical Association. He keeps up to date on the latest surgical techniques and available technology in foot and ankle care.

Prior to joining Advanced Medical Group, Samaniego studied public healthcare in Zambia and assisted in providing care to the local community. He has also presented research at the annual meeting of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons. Samaniego achieved the highest rank of Eagle Scout through the Boy Scouts of America and volunteered with Troop 454 for scouts with special needs and the Freehold Public Library. In his free time, Samaniego volunteers with his local church community service and youth programs.

Samaniego resides in Jersey City, NJ and maintains his health by cycling and interval training several times a week. He explains, “Healthy doctors inspire healthy patients. I follow the same advice I give my patients, and I read constantly to become a better physician every day. I encourage my patients to ask questions and learn about the cause of their symptoms. An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure.”

Dr. Merwin Richard, MD. A cardiologist

Merwin Richard, MD

Cardiologist located in Jersey City, NJ & Union City, NJ

As an established board-certified internist and cardiologist, Merwin Richard, MD, has a reputation for helping patients with the most complex of health conditions. He cares for patients at Advanced Medical Group in West New York, Jersey City, and Union City, New Jersey.

Richard began his undergraduate education in medicine at Stanley Medical College in India. He earned his doctor of medicine degree from Tamil Nadu Dr. M.G.R. Medical University before relocating to New York City.

After completing both his internship and internal medicine residency through the Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Dr. Richard went through advanced fellowship training. He completed a cardiovascular fellowship at Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, then went on to finish a second fellowship in interventional cardiology through Mount Sinai School of Medicine (now Icahn).


Throughout his career, Richard has stayed involved in numerous research projects and previously served as a professor at the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey (now Rutgers University). Richard went on to become the director of the first cardiac catheterization and interventional laboratory in Jersey City and has extensive training in vein treatments.

To ensure he continues staying up to date with the latest research and techniques, Richard maintains his board memberships. He’s board certified through the American Board of Internal Medicine in cardiovascular disease and interventional cardiology.

Being fluent in English,  Spanish, and Tamil gives Richard the opportunity to communicate with patients from diverse cultural backgrounds. Richard is currently accepting new patients.