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What Does A Pain Management Doctor Do?

what does a pain management doctor do

What To Expect From A Pain Management Doctor?

Are you dealing with constant pain? You can understand how it affects not only your physical health but your mental health, too. This is where pain management doctors help. The pain management specialists help in managing the pain and enhance your quality of life.

Yes, you can manage your pain effectively. The doctor’s goal is to comprehend your discomfort, identify it, and develop a treatment plan. However, you might have some questions. So, if you want to learn more about what does a pain management doctor do? Here is an in-depth guide for you.

What Duties Does A Pain Management Specialist Have?

The primary aim of a pain management doctor is to manage your pain. It is as simple as that. They are knowledgeable, and they can quickly address chronic pain problems as well as standard and uncommon syndromes. However, every person’s experience of pain is different. This is why doctors follow a tailored treatment approach. Every patient’s treatment plan is different and personalized accordingly.

A pain management doctor addresses types of pain that can be broadly grouped into three categories;

  • Pain stemming from tissue damage conditions like osteoarthritis
  • Pain resulting from nervous system disorders, including stroke pain, sclerosis, spinal cord injuries, etc.
  • Mixed forms of pain disorders encompass neck discomfort, backache, and cancer-related pain.

Treatment Techniques For Pain Management

Treatment for every person is different; different pain means different approaches. Some might see results in one treatment approach, while others might have to go through one or more treatment approaches. If you are wondering what will a pain management doctor do?, Then people experiencing acute or various types of pain have the option to choose from a range of treatment approaches, as mentioned below;

Medical Management

Addressing pain may involve customized strategies based on medical expertise, preferences, location of the pain, underlying health conditions, etc. The first treatment approach is via medicines. These medicines might have side effects and chances of addiction if not used correctly. Also, you have to be cautious with pain medicines as there are chances of getting addicted. So, always follow the dosage prescribed by your pain management doctor.

Physical Therapy

Physical therapists are skilled at addressing pain and its root cause. They examine the area where stiffness could lead to the pain you are experiencing. During their sessions, the therapists make you do various exercises for instant relief while also guiding you on how to resume your activities without causing further harm to the injured area.

Your therapist can help pinpoint positions and offer treatments and exercises to enhance the movement of the injured tissue. Your doctor will better offer you guidance and suggestions. Massage is, like, another form of therapy for treating soft tissue injuries, but it is best to steer clear of it if the pain is in the joints. Some studies indicate that physical therapy could assist in pain management, though it is not typically advised for treatment.

what will a pain management doctor do

Alternative Therapies

When you are stressed, you might find it difficult to deal with your pain; in fact, stress will elevate your pain. Some alternative therapies help you to enhance your mind and body connection. Apart from traditional approaches, there are different alternative therapies, too. But remember, these alternative therapies are used in conjunction with your treatment. Their effectiveness can vary from person to person, like any form of treatment. Some of the alternative therapies are:

  • Acupuncture
  • Massage therapy
  • Hypnosis
  • Spinal manipulation
  • Mindfulness meditation
  • Tai chi
  • Yoga

Remember, these are alternative treatments, and they are only there to supplement your ongoing treatment. If you want to try these treatments, first, always consult your doctor.

Lifestyle Changes

Doctors might also recommend lifestyle changes. For example, if you carry extra weight, your healthcare provider might ask you to lose some weight. They might suggest you make some changes to your diet. There is a connection between your health and your recovery from pain. If you are healthy, your recovery can be quicker. So, make these little changes, be ready to say goodbye to your pain, and walk freely!

Prerequisites For A Doctor Visit

Understanding the root cause of pain is the first step in addressing it. Sometimes, identifying the source of pain is straightforward, like in the case of a fracture. However, with pain, pinpointing a cause can be challenging, leading to a complex diagnosis process. A specialist in pain management relies on a patient’s history. Conducts thorough physical and neurological examinations.

During the consultation, a pain management doctor takes the time to understand the patient’s pain issue. This session typically involves a review of both current and past medical histories. You have to articulate your pain, which will help the doctors to understand your problem better. For example, you may have to rate your pain as “3” on a scale of 10.

You might also receive a questionnaire before their appointment. The doctors will look into specific aspects of your pain experience. You might also have to bring your reports, such as X-rays, CAT, etc. When heading to see a pain specialist, for the time make sure to bring along;

  • Your pain journal, if you keep one. This can contain information about your symptoms, what triggers them, and how intense the pain is.
  • A record of all medications you’re currently using.
  • A list of treatments you’ve tried for pain relief.
  • Details about what worsens your pain and what brings you comfort.

Pain Management In A Nutshell

Living with pain is not easy. It affects both the sufferers and their loved ones who see them in pain. Approaching a pain management doctor can help you ensure that you are getting the proper treatment. They ensure that the approach to pain management treatment aligns with each patient’s preferences and beliefs.

Pain management doctors help people improve their quality of life and daily functioning while dealing with pain. If you’re seeking help from pain management specialists, consider exploring the services offered at Advanced Medical Group for solutions to your pain issues. They have experienced pain specialists who have years of experience and help you fight your pain. The doctors will also provide you with therapy sessions to help you manage your pain.

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Fatima Shaik MD


Fatima Shaik is a board certified internist and cardiologist. She specializes in general cardiology and heart rhythm disorders. She cares for patients at Advanced Medical Group in Jersey City and North Bergen. She also performs procedures at Jersey City Medical Center.

She completed her undergraduate education at NYU and received her MD degree for SUNY Downstate Medical Center. She completed her residency training at Mount Sinai Beth Israel Medical Center and her cardiology fellowship at New York Presbyterian Queens. She went on for advanced training in electrophysiology at Cooper Hospital in Camden, NJ.
She is trained in device implantation, SVT and atrial fibrillation ablations as well as watchman implantations.
She is fluent in English and Hindi.
She is currently accepting new patients.

Reema Parikh, DPT

Physical Therapist

Reema Parikh received two bachelor’s degrees from Long Island University and Touro College, and graduated as a Doctor of Physical Therapy from Touro College in 2013. In her early years as a DPT, she received an award for excellence in research and taught a course for the national physical therapy licensing board exam. Dr. Parikh has a passion for helping patients on their health journey; she is experienced in all ages and care of patients, ranging from pediatric care to geriatric care. She has hosted live and virtual workouts for varying levels of physical activity, incorporating mobility and strength segments. Dr. Parikh has furthered her education by receiving certifications in many aspects of physical therapy and holistic care including Nutritional PT, Restorative Yoga, Pilates, and Reiki.

Ms. Maria Avila

Maria Avila, NP

Nurse Practitioner

Coming Soon


Jersey City

Union City

West New York

North Bergen

Jersey City

North Bergen

Aishwarya Parab, PT

Physical Therapist

Aishwarya Parab received her Bachelors in Physiotherapy in India in 2015 and furthered her studies at Long Island University where she graduated with her Masters in Exercise Science, Sports, and Nutrition in 2019. She has experience working with various conditions, including herniated disks, spondylolysis, and post-operative mobility issues. Aishwarya has taken courses to expand her knowledge in the physical therapy world, including spinal mobility courses, neuromuscular reeducation courses, and getting a certificate with Revolution in Motion. Aishwarya finds it exceedingly rewarding to build a long-term relationship with her patients and shows commitment towards providing structured and effective healthcare.

Dr. Prajakta Avhad

Prajakta Avhad, MD

Pain Management located in Franklin Township, Somerset, NJ & East Brunswick, NJ

About Dr. Avhad
Dr. Prajakta Avhad is double board-certified in Pain Management and Anesthesiology. Dr. Avhad received her M.B.B.S. from MIMER, India, and completed her Surgical internship and Anesthesia residency at Brookdale University Hospital in Brooklyn, New York during which she interned at Memorial Sloan Kettering, St. Luke’s Roosevelt, and Staten Island Hospital.

She then completed her Pain Management Fellowship from Cleveland Clinic Foundation.

Dr. Avhad is a diplomate of the American Board of Anesthesiology and a member of the American Academy of Pain Medicine.

Dr. Avhad has been in practice in Central and South Jersey for more than 12years. She is a caring physician with expertise and experience in treating a spectrum of Pain conditions like chronic back and neck pain, herniated discs/sciatica with minimally invasive interventional procedures.

Dr. Avhad and her family reside in New Jersey. She is an avid gardener active with her kids, dog, and garden if not tending to her broad and exotic orchid collection.

Radhika Patel PA-C

Radhika Patel, PA-C

Physician Assistant located in Jersey City, NJ

About Patel
Graduating summa cum laude from Rutgers University with a BA in Biological Sciences and minor in Spanish, Radhika Patel obtained experiences in outpatient medicine as well as in emergency medical services prior to pursuing a career as a physician assistant. She graduated from the Rutgers University Physician Assistant program with a Master of Science after training in cardiology, internal medicine, and urgent care, among many other fields at various hospitals and private practices throughout the state of New Jersey. She is a proud member of the team at Advanced Garden State Cardiology and looks forward to meeting with patients each day in our Jersey City office.

Enrique D Chappilliquen Lucio, PA-C

Enrique Chappilliquen, PA-C

Physician Assistant located in Union City, NJ & Jersey City, NJ

About Dr. Chappilliquen
Graduated from Mercy College Physician Assistant Program with a Masters of Science in Physician Assistant Studies, Enrique has extensive experience in the medical field for more than 6 years.

He has clinical experience and training in internal medicine, cardiology, general and vascular surgery, hematology, oncology, and emergency medicine. He joined Dr. Richard’s practice in October of 2016. Since then, he has been a dedicated medical provider working in the Union City office and the Hematology/Oncology office in Jersey City as well.

As a Hispanic, he proudly serves his community with passion and devotion. Being able to communicate fluently with his patients allows him the opportunity to provide excellent medical care to the Hispanic community in Union City and Jersey City. Also, sharing the same language, culture, and values as his patients allows him to connect at a personal level with his patients. Enrique continues to develop his knowledge and skills constantly to continue satisfying the needs of his patients.

Dr Christopher Samaniego, DPM

Christopher Samaniego, DPM

Podiatrist located in Jersey City, NJ, Union City, NJ, and West New York, NJ

Christopher Samaniego, DPM, is originally from Freehold, New Jersey. He attended college at Messiah College, where he graduated Magna Cum Laude with a degree in Biology. He earned his podiatric medical degree from Temple University School of Podiatric Medicine in Philadelphia, PA and completed his surgical residency training at Detroit Medical Center in Detroit, MI. 

Dr. Samaniego provides comprehensive foot and ankle care at Advanced Medical Group in Jersey City, Union City, and West New York. His specialized surgical training includes

  • Bunion
  • Hammertoe correction
  • Diabetic foot care
  • Fungal nail care
  • Plantar fasciitis, tendinitis, orthotics
  • Gout, warts, neuroma care
  • Flat feet and high arched feet
  • Foot and ankle trauma
  • Adult and paediatric foot conditions
  • Arthritis of the foot and ankle
  • Arthroscopy, joint replacement, minimally invasive techniques

Samaniego is a member of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons and the American Podiatric Medical Association. He keeps up to date on the latest surgical techniques and available technology in foot and ankle care.

Prior to joining Advanced Medical Group, Samaniego studied public healthcare in Zambia and assisted in providing care to the local community. He has also presented research at the annual meeting of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons. Samaniego achieved the highest rank of Eagle Scout through the Boy Scouts of America and volunteered with Troop 454 for scouts with special needs and the Freehold Public Library. In his free time, Samaniego volunteers with his local church community service and youth programs.

Samaniego resides in Jersey City, NJ and maintains his health by cycling and interval training several times a week. He explains, “Healthy doctors inspire healthy patients. I follow the same advice I give my patients, and I read constantly to become a better physician every day. I encourage my patients to ask questions and learn about the cause of their symptoms. An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure.”

Dr. Merwin Richard, MD. A cardiologist

Merwin Richard, MD

Cardiologist located in Jersey City, NJ & Union City, NJ

As an established board-certified internist and cardiologist, Merwin Richard, MD, has a reputation for helping patients with the most complex of health conditions. He cares for patients at Advanced Medical Group in West New York, Jersey City, and Union City, New Jersey.

Richard began his undergraduate education in medicine at Stanley Medical College in India. He earned his doctor of medicine degree from Tamil Nadu Dr. M.G.R. Medical University before relocating to New York City.

After completing both his internship and internal medicine residency through the Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Dr. Richard went through advanced fellowship training. He completed a cardiovascular fellowship at Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, then went on to finish a second fellowship in interventional cardiology through Mount Sinai School of Medicine (now Icahn).


Throughout his career, Richard has stayed involved in numerous research projects and previously served as a professor at the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey (now Rutgers University). Richard went on to become the director of the first cardiac catheterization and interventional laboratory in Jersey City and has extensive training in vein treatments.

To ensure he continues staying up to date with the latest research and techniques, Richard maintains his board memberships. He’s board certified through the American Board of Internal Medicine in cardiovascular disease and interventional cardiology.

Being fluent in English,  Spanish, and Tamil gives Richard the opportunity to communicate with patients from diverse cultural backgrounds. Richard is currently accepting new patients.