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What Does A Physical Therapist Do?

what all does a physical therapist do

Understanding What A Physical Therapist Can Do Our Life

Physical therapy (PT) is considered one of the most effective therapies, and its demand has increased exponentially in the healthcare sector. PT helps people feel better, manage serious illnesses, and recover from injuries. It also helps us recover fast after an operation and relieves pain from muscle and joint pain.

As stated in the IBIS report, in 2023, there are 575,909 people working as physical therapists in the US. Data by Ambitions show that one in four people in the United States has a problem in their muscle or bone calls for medical care, and physical therapy is a major part of their treatment.

To understand “What does a physical therapist do?” better, we will talk about how they help people heal from injuries, deal with long-term health issues, and improve their overall health.

What Is A Physical Therapist?

PT use various approaches to address a broad range of health conditions. Their primary goal is to study patients’ health concerns, provide treatment plans, and coach them with physical activity and therapies to improve their overall way of life.

Role And Responsibilities Of A Physical Therapist: 5 Responsibilities

To elaborate upon “what all does a Physical Therapist do?” We shall discuss their diverse responsibilities in healthcare and their collaborative work with patients and healthcare professionals.

role and responsibilities of physical therapist

1. Diagnosing Impairments

PTs start by checking the patient’s condition. This includes going through their medical history, carrying out physical examinations, working on the pain level, and identifying the conditions to focus on. Then, they create a customized treatment plan for the patient.

2. Creates Personalized Plans

PTs use various strategies to help patients function and feel healthier. These can include exercises, massage, and equipment like ultrasound or stimulation.

3. Offering Treatment

Once the issue is diagnosed and a plan is in place, PTs start giving the recommended treatment. They meet with patients regularly, following the plan they made and adjusting it if needed based on how well it’s working. This routine continues until the patient’s injury or disability is healed or they are sufficiently educated to perform minor ongoing therapy independently at home.

4. Monitoring Patient’s Progress

Throughout treatment, PTs closely monitor the patient’s health. This includes tracking the patient’s movement, mobility, strength, and flexibility as planned to ensure the patient’s progress and recovery.

5. Teaching Patients On Recovery

A crucial role of a physical therapist’s job is teaching people how to look after their health conditions, how their bones function, and how to exercise at home. By doing this, patients can take care of their health without damaging themselves again.

What Does A Physical Therapist Do In Our Treatment Plan?

When people experience injuries, surgery, or circumstances that limit their movement, Physical Therapists understand the ins and outs of the situation to develop detailed plans for treatment. Physical therapy is a cost-effective way of treating pain of any form, as well as helping in curing and recovering following surgeries, conditions, or injuries.

Addresses Incorrect Movement Patterns

It identifies and corrects improper movement patterns, decreasing the chance of future injuries and promoting safer, more efficient movement.

Reduces Scar Tissue Formation

Manual therapy and stretching techniques can prevent excessive scar tissue formation, ensuring better tissue alignment and flexibility for improved recovery.

Forwards Faster Recovery

With the help of selected exercises, physical therapy strengthens muscles, improves flexibility, and restores mobility, guiding to a speedy return to normal activities with fewer complications.

what does a physical therapist do

Physical Therapy Specialists Care Plans

Physical therapy specialists provide thorough care to patients with a variety of needs. They are trained in the skeletal system, older aged people, child health, and nerve systems as they can help with several conditions and injuries.

PTs have evolved to meet the needs of their communities. They assist patients in getting better with posture, lowering nervous tension, helping with athletic performance, addressing problems related to respiratory health, and backing up with preventive care.

Knowing ‘What Does a Physical Therapist Do’ is important when learning about the type of therapist you need for your problem.

Types of TherapistsKinds of Treatments
Pediatric TherapistsThey assist children in meeting their milestones of development and in regulating congenital conditions or deficiencies.
Gerontology TherapistsThey treat diseases associated with age such as arthritis, frail bones, and balance deficiencies in older people.
Neurological Therapists Treats problems associated with the nervous system, Parkinson’s disease, multiple sclerosis, and stroke survivors.
Orthopedic TherapistsTreats your skeletal system – muscle and bone weakness, like fractures, operations in joints, and injuries that take place in sports.

Conditions That Physical Therapist Help You To Recover

1. Help You Recover From Issues

  • Injuries in Spinal Cord
  • Ligament injuries in your knee
  • Jaw joint problems (TMJ disorders)
  • Concussions
  • Sports injuries
  • Tears in Rotator cuff

2. Various Common Conditions Pains

  • Back pain
  • Numbness Syndrome in Carpal Tunnel
  • Loss of Bladder Control – Incontinence
  • Trigger finger or thumb
  • Access Fluid causing swelling in arms or legs (lymphedema)

3. Help People With Long-Term Conditions

  • Common Lung Disease – COPD
  • Conditions affecting movement or posture – Cerebral palsy
  • A disease affecting the brain and spinal cord – MS
  • Muscular dystrophy (a genetic disorder weakening muscles)
  • A Condition affecting movement- Parkinson’s Disorder
  • Cystic fibrosis (a genetic disease impacting the lungs and digestive system)

When looking for specialized care for your physical therapy, you can go for trustworthy providers like Advanced Medical Group. Reliable providers offer comprehensive services with years of experience. They will effectively change their therapy plans regarding your needs.

Key Role Of Physical Therapists

Physical therapists have a key role in assisting you maintain a healthy lifestyle through handling pain and discomfort, therapeutic activities, and lifestyle changes. PT can help us in regaining our mobility functions in a few sessions. Your physician or another medical professional may recommend physical therapy to you. You may also refer to yourself in certain situations based on your needs.

Once you start attending sessions, try to be open and honest with your physical therapist about any issues you are facing. If you engage in physical therapy and communicate well, you can benefit from it the most.

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Fatima Shaik MD


Fatima Shaik is a board certified internist and cardiologist. She specializes in general cardiology and heart rhythm disorders. She cares for patients at Advanced Medical Group in Jersey City and North Bergen. She also performs procedures at Jersey City Medical Center.

She completed her undergraduate education at NYU and received her MD degree for SUNY Downstate Medical Center. She completed her residency training at Mount Sinai Beth Israel Medical Center and her cardiology fellowship at New York Presbyterian Queens. She went on for advanced training in electrophysiology at Cooper Hospital in Camden, NJ.
She is trained in device implantation, SVT and atrial fibrillation ablations as well as watchman implantations.
She is fluent in English and Hindi.
She is currently accepting new patients.

Reema Parikh, DPT

Physical Therapist

Reema Parikh received two bachelor’s degrees from Long Island University and Touro College, and graduated as a Doctor of Physical Therapy from Touro College in 2013. In her early years as a DPT, she received an award for excellence in research and taught a course for the national physical therapy licensing board exam. Dr. Parikh has a passion for helping patients on their health journey; she is experienced in all ages and care of patients, ranging from pediatric care to geriatric care. She has hosted live and virtual workouts for varying levels of physical activity, incorporating mobility and strength segments. Dr. Parikh has furthered her education by receiving certifications in many aspects of physical therapy and holistic care including Nutritional PT, Restorative Yoga, Pilates, and Reiki.

Ms. Maria Avila

Maria Avila, NP

Nurse Practitioner

Coming Soon


Jersey City

Union City

West New York

North Bergen

Jersey City

North Bergen

Aishwarya Parab, PT

Physical Therapist

Aishwarya Parab received her Bachelors in Physiotherapy in India in 2015 and furthered her studies at Long Island University where she graduated with her Masters in Exercise Science, Sports, and Nutrition in 2019. She has experience working with various conditions, including herniated disks, spondylolysis, and post-operative mobility issues. Aishwarya has taken courses to expand her knowledge in the physical therapy world, including spinal mobility courses, neuromuscular reeducation courses, and getting a certificate with Revolution in Motion. Aishwarya finds it exceedingly rewarding to build a long-term relationship with her patients and shows commitment towards providing structured and effective healthcare.

Dr. Prajakta Avhad

Prajakta Avhad, MD

Pain Management located in Franklin Township, Somerset, NJ & East Brunswick, NJ

About Dr. Avhad
Dr. Prajakta Avhad is double board-certified in Pain Management and Anesthesiology. Dr. Avhad received her M.B.B.S. from MIMER, India, and completed her Surgical internship and Anesthesia residency at Brookdale University Hospital in Brooklyn, New York during which she interned at Memorial Sloan Kettering, St. Luke’s Roosevelt, and Staten Island Hospital.

She then completed her Pain Management Fellowship from Cleveland Clinic Foundation.

Dr. Avhad is a diplomate of the American Board of Anesthesiology and a member of the American Academy of Pain Medicine.

Dr. Avhad has been in practice in Central and South Jersey for more than 12years. She is a caring physician with expertise and experience in treating a spectrum of Pain conditions like chronic back and neck pain, herniated discs/sciatica with minimally invasive interventional procedures.

Dr. Avhad and her family reside in New Jersey. She is an avid gardener active with her kids, dog, and garden if not tending to her broad and exotic orchid collection.

Radhika Patel PA-C

Radhika Patel, PA-C

Physician Assistant located in Jersey City, NJ

About Patel
Graduating summa cum laude from Rutgers University with a BA in Biological Sciences and minor in Spanish, Radhika Patel obtained experiences in outpatient medicine as well as in emergency medical services prior to pursuing a career as a physician assistant. She graduated from the Rutgers University Physician Assistant program with a Master of Science after training in cardiology, internal medicine, and urgent care, among many other fields at various hospitals and private practices throughout the state of New Jersey. She is a proud member of the team at Advanced Garden State Cardiology and looks forward to meeting with patients each day in our Jersey City office.

Enrique D Chappilliquen Lucio, PA-C

Enrique Chappilliquen, PA-C

Physician Assistant located in Union City, NJ & Jersey City, NJ

About Dr. Chappilliquen
Graduated from Mercy College Physician Assistant Program with a Masters of Science in Physician Assistant Studies, Enrique has extensive experience in the medical field for more than 6 years.

He has clinical experience and training in internal medicine, cardiology, general and vascular surgery, hematology, oncology, and emergency medicine. He joined Dr. Richard’s practice in October of 2016. Since then, he has been a dedicated medical provider working in the Union City office and the Hematology/Oncology office in Jersey City as well.

As a Hispanic, he proudly serves his community with passion and devotion. Being able to communicate fluently with his patients allows him the opportunity to provide excellent medical care to the Hispanic community in Union City and Jersey City. Also, sharing the same language, culture, and values as his patients allows him to connect at a personal level with his patients. Enrique continues to develop his knowledge and skills constantly to continue satisfying the needs of his patients.

Dr Christopher Samaniego, DPM

Christopher Samaniego, DPM

Podiatrist located in Jersey City, NJ, Union City, NJ, and West New York, NJ

Christopher Samaniego, DPM, is originally from Freehold, New Jersey. He attended college at Messiah College, where he graduated Magna Cum Laude with a degree in Biology. He earned his podiatric medical degree from Temple University School of Podiatric Medicine in Philadelphia, PA and completed his surgical residency training at Detroit Medical Center in Detroit, MI. 

Dr. Samaniego provides comprehensive foot and ankle care at Advanced Medical Group in Jersey City, Union City, and West New York. His specialized surgical training includes

  • Bunion
  • Hammertoe correction
  • Diabetic foot care
  • Fungal nail care
  • Plantar fasciitis, tendinitis, orthotics
  • Gout, warts, neuroma care
  • Flat feet and high arched feet
  • Foot and ankle trauma
  • Adult and paediatric foot conditions
  • Arthritis of the foot and ankle
  • Arthroscopy, joint replacement, minimally invasive techniques

Samaniego is a member of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons and the American Podiatric Medical Association. He keeps up to date on the latest surgical techniques and available technology in foot and ankle care.

Prior to joining Advanced Medical Group, Samaniego studied public healthcare in Zambia and assisted in providing care to the local community. He has also presented research at the annual meeting of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons. Samaniego achieved the highest rank of Eagle Scout through the Boy Scouts of America and volunteered with Troop 454 for scouts with special needs and the Freehold Public Library. In his free time, Samaniego volunteers with his local church community service and youth programs.

Samaniego resides in Jersey City, NJ and maintains his health by cycling and interval training several times a week. He explains, “Healthy doctors inspire healthy patients. I follow the same advice I give my patients, and I read constantly to become a better physician every day. I encourage my patients to ask questions and learn about the cause of their symptoms. An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure.”

Dr. Merwin Richard, MD. A cardiologist

Merwin Richard, MD

Cardiologist located in Jersey City, NJ & Union City, NJ

As an established board-certified internist and cardiologist, Merwin Richard, MD, has a reputation for helping patients with the most complex of health conditions. He cares for patients at Advanced Medical Group in West New York, Jersey City, and Union City, New Jersey.

Richard began his undergraduate education in medicine at Stanley Medical College in India. He earned his doctor of medicine degree from Tamil Nadu Dr. M.G.R. Medical University before relocating to New York City.

After completing both his internship and internal medicine residency through the Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Dr. Richard went through advanced fellowship training. He completed a cardiovascular fellowship at Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, then went on to finish a second fellowship in interventional cardiology through Mount Sinai School of Medicine (now Icahn).


Throughout his career, Richard has stayed involved in numerous research projects and previously served as a professor at the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey (now Rutgers University). Richard went on to become the director of the first cardiac catheterization and interventional laboratory in Jersey City and has extensive training in vein treatments.

To ensure he continues staying up to date with the latest research and techniques, Richard maintains his board memberships. He’s board certified through the American Board of Internal Medicine in cardiovascular disease and interventional cardiology.

Being fluent in English,  Spanish, and Tamil gives Richard the opportunity to communicate with patients from diverse cultural backgrounds. Richard is currently accepting new patients.