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Best Exercise For Peripheral Artery Disease

exercise for peripheral artery disease

Effectiveness Of Exercise For Peripheral Artery Disease

Discomfort may arise from several sources, but if it escalates into severe pain and swelling, it may well be an indication of Peripheral Artery Disease(PAD). PAD can be a severe illness. It is a condition in which narrow arteries reduce blood flow to parts, usually the legs. This condition generally occurs in old age, but there are several other factors, such as obesity, diabetes, high blood pressure, and genetics which contribute to this condition.

Lack of blood in a particular area of the body may not only restrict movement but also give rise to several symptoms. Pain, fatigue, open sores, and numbness are some examples. However, it all starts with claudication initially. We experience claudication while walking which eases automatically after a few minutes of rest.

Above all, PAD symptoms are fully curable and tolerable. All you have to do is consider taking a peripheral artery disease treatment and include the correct amount of exercise in your routine so that can help manage the symptoms and improve overall health. It is essential to speak with experts before you begin with anything. Advanced Medical Group is a leading figure that can help you on the path to healthier veins. Now, let’s look at the finest exercise for peripheral artery disease so that you can enhance your muscular health.

What Is the Best Exercise For Peripheral Artery Disease?

Exercise can get a little tedious for individuals suffering from PAD. For instance, walking and doing movement can be extremely painful. But because the root of this disease is lack of circulation, exercise can greatly improve the symptoms in a good way. Not just this, it also helps in controlling the risk factors and improves overall cardiovascular health. Some of the best exercises for peripheral artery disease are as follows:

1. Begin With Warmup

People tend to skip the warmup and go straight into the activity. This ignorance can lead to unwanted injuries. The overall idea behind warming up is to make your body feel comfortable and adjusted to the exercise environment. So, if you have PAD, you shouldn’t skip this crucial part of your exercise routine.

Begin with stretching each leg and hip muscle for at least 10-15 seconds before you start. Short twists and turns of the ankles while sitting on a chair would also work. This will prevent sudden muscle cramps and get your muscles ready for the tasks ahead.

2. Get Moving With Walk

Walking is the simplest and best exercise for peripheral artery disease. This low-impact exercise increases your heart rate and can be tailored to your fitness level. It can limit your range of motion and may raise your blood pressure. Also, you may experience pain at first. But stay calm – it is absolutely normal and will ease with time.

Start cautiously, try to maintain a good pace, and keep walking even if you feel a little uncomfortable. You shouldn’t compete to walk the fastest, small steps also count. Another way to develop a walking habit is to walk between pauses and rest for a few minutes when you can’t stand the discomfort. Your goal should be to add five minutes to each walk every week until you can go without stopping for at least 30 to 45 minutes.

3. Cycle Till Your Reach

Cycling is emerging as a therapeutic ally in the battle against peripheral artery disease. It is also a low-impact exercise and significantly engages leg muscles. Cycling keeps the leg muscles active and stimulates blood flow in that body part, thereby reducing pain and discomfort. Slow, rhythmic pedaling promotes cardiovascular health without putting undue stress on the joints.

Whether you ride a bicycle in the park or opt for the home cycling equipment – you will have fun and destress yourself while also reducing the symptoms.

4. Supervised Exercise Therapy

Supervised Exercise Therapy (SET) is an effective treatment, especially for those managing claudication from PAD. This sort of therapy is undertaken under a qualified professional who is trained to provide exercise for such a disease. Specialized trainers or physiotherapists ensure that the benefits of these exercises exceed the harm.

SET sessions generally last for about 30 to 60 minutes. These sessions consist of treadmill-based exercise programs in which patients are advised to walk on the treadmill after a five-minute warmup session until they feel mild to moderate pain. Once the pain starts, the individual is asked to sit and rest until the pain goes. This process is repeated again and again for 60 minutes, including the resting period.

Supervised Exercise Therapy


5. Water Exercises

If walking puts too much strain on your legs, you must choose water exercise instead. When you train in water and swim, the water carries most of your weight. In this case, the legs don’t have much to bear. Fluid resistance can be very effective in coordinating your leg muscles with movement and building their resistance to movement. If you still find it difficult to swim, then just prefer walking in the swimming pool area, as it is also known to be beneficial in preventing PAD.

6. Do A Mix Of Several Exercises

While walking, cycling, and water regimens may prove to be very effective – these are not the only ways to reduce the symptoms of PAD. You can adapt a mix of several exercises, such as stationary discs, gentle yoga, or ellipticals to get your blood flowing without putting pressure on your lower body. Include regimens that target your leg muscles, such as leg raises, leg extensions, and toe curls.

If your legs are in a lot of pain, you can focus on other body parts, such as the core and upper body. Any exercise can help your circulation and overall health and deal with symptoms of PAD.

A Vital Step Towards Vascular Health

Adopting proper exercise is an essential step in managing peripheral neuropathy. From a nice bike ride to the ease of walking, these activities alleviate symptoms and improve overall cardiovascular health. It is also essential to incorporate a healthy diet and quit smoking. Remember, a journey to vascular pain is unique to each individual. So, lace up those shoes and lead an active life without discomfort.

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Fatima Shaik MD


Fatima Shaik is a board certified internist and cardiologist. She specializes in general cardiology and heart rhythm disorders. She cares for patients at Advanced Medical Group in Jersey City and North Bergen. She also performs procedures at Jersey City Medical Center.

She completed her undergraduate education at NYU and received her MD degree for SUNY Downstate Medical Center. She completed her residency training at Mount Sinai Beth Israel Medical Center and her cardiology fellowship at New York Presbyterian Queens. She went on for advanced training in electrophysiology at Cooper Hospital in Camden, NJ.
She is trained in device implantation, SVT and atrial fibrillation ablations as well as watchman implantations.
She is fluent in English and Hindi.
She is currently accepting new patients.

Reema Parikh, DPT

Physical Therapist

Reema Parikh received two bachelor’s degrees from Long Island University and Touro College, and graduated as a Doctor of Physical Therapy from Touro College in 2013. In her early years as a DPT, she received an award for excellence in research and taught a course for the national physical therapy licensing board exam. Dr. Parikh has a passion for helping patients on their health journey; she is experienced in all ages and care of patients, ranging from pediatric care to geriatric care. She has hosted live and virtual workouts for varying levels of physical activity, incorporating mobility and strength segments. Dr. Parikh has furthered her education by receiving certifications in many aspects of physical therapy and holistic care including Nutritional PT, Restorative Yoga, Pilates, and Reiki.

Ms. Maria Avila

Maria Avila, NP

Nurse Practitioner

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Aishwarya Parab, PT

Physical Therapist

Aishwarya Parab received her Bachelors in Physiotherapy in India in 2015 and furthered her studies at Long Island University where she graduated with her Masters in Exercise Science, Sports, and Nutrition in 2019. She has experience working with various conditions, including herniated disks, spondylolysis, and post-operative mobility issues. Aishwarya has taken courses to expand her knowledge in the physical therapy world, including spinal mobility courses, neuromuscular reeducation courses, and getting a certificate with Revolution in Motion. Aishwarya finds it exceedingly rewarding to build a long-term relationship with her patients and shows commitment towards providing structured and effective healthcare.

Dr. Prajakta Avhad

Prajakta Avhad, MD

Pain Management located in Franklin Township, Somerset, NJ & East Brunswick, NJ

About Dr. Avhad
Dr. Prajakta Avhad is double board-certified in Pain Management and Anesthesiology. Dr. Avhad received her M.B.B.S. from MIMER, India, and completed her Surgical internship and Anesthesia residency at Brookdale University Hospital in Brooklyn, New York during which she interned at Memorial Sloan Kettering, St. Luke’s Roosevelt, and Staten Island Hospital.

She then completed her Pain Management Fellowship from Cleveland Clinic Foundation.

Dr. Avhad is a diplomate of the American Board of Anesthesiology and a member of the American Academy of Pain Medicine.

Dr. Avhad has been in practice in Central and South Jersey for more than 12years. She is a caring physician with expertise and experience in treating a spectrum of Pain conditions like chronic back and neck pain, herniated discs/sciatica with minimally invasive interventional procedures.

Dr. Avhad and her family reside in New Jersey. She is an avid gardener active with her kids, dog, and garden if not tending to her broad and exotic orchid collection.

Radhika Patel PA-C

Radhika Patel, PA-C

Physician Assistant located in Jersey City, NJ

About Patel
Graduating summa cum laude from Rutgers University with a BA in Biological Sciences and minor in Spanish, Radhika Patel obtained experiences in outpatient medicine as well as in emergency medical services prior to pursuing a career as a physician assistant. She graduated from the Rutgers University Physician Assistant program with a Master of Science after training in cardiology, internal medicine, and urgent care, among many other fields at various hospitals and private practices throughout the state of New Jersey. She is a proud member of the team at Advanced Garden State Cardiology and looks forward to meeting with patients each day in our Jersey City office.

Enrique D Chappilliquen Lucio, PA-C

Enrique Chappilliquen, PA-C

Physician Assistant located in Union City, NJ & Jersey City, NJ

About Dr. Chappilliquen
Graduated from Mercy College Physician Assistant Program with a Masters of Science in Physician Assistant Studies, Enrique has extensive experience in the medical field for more than 6 years.

He has clinical experience and training in internal medicine, cardiology, general and vascular surgery, hematology, oncology, and emergency medicine. He joined Dr. Richard’s practice in October of 2016. Since then, he has been a dedicated medical provider working in the Union City office and the Hematology/Oncology office in Jersey City as well.

As a Hispanic, he proudly serves his community with passion and devotion. Being able to communicate fluently with his patients allows him the opportunity to provide excellent medical care to the Hispanic community in Union City and Jersey City. Also, sharing the same language, culture, and values as his patients allows him to connect at a personal level with his patients. Enrique continues to develop his knowledge and skills constantly to continue satisfying the needs of his patients.

Dr Christopher Samaniego, DPM

Christopher Samaniego, DPM

Podiatrist located in Jersey City, NJ, Union City, NJ, and West New York, NJ

Christopher Samaniego, DPM, is originally from Freehold, New Jersey. He attended college at Messiah College, where he graduated Magna Cum Laude with a degree in Biology. He earned his podiatric medical degree from Temple University School of Podiatric Medicine in Philadelphia, PA and completed his surgical residency training at Detroit Medical Center in Detroit, MI. 

Dr. Samaniego provides comprehensive foot and ankle care at Advanced Medical Group in Jersey City, Union City, and West New York. His specialized surgical training includes

  • Bunion
  • Hammertoe correction
  • Diabetic foot care
  • Fungal nail care
  • Plantar fasciitis, tendinitis, orthotics
  • Gout, warts, neuroma care
  • Flat feet and high arched feet
  • Foot and ankle trauma
  • Adult and paediatric foot conditions
  • Arthritis of the foot and ankle
  • Arthroscopy, joint replacement, minimally invasive techniques

Samaniego is a member of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons and the American Podiatric Medical Association. He keeps up to date on the latest surgical techniques and available technology in foot and ankle care.

Prior to joining Advanced Medical Group, Samaniego studied public healthcare in Zambia and assisted in providing care to the local community. He has also presented research at the annual meeting of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons. Samaniego achieved the highest rank of Eagle Scout through the Boy Scouts of America and volunteered with Troop 454 for scouts with special needs and the Freehold Public Library. In his free time, Samaniego volunteers with his local church community service and youth programs.

Samaniego resides in Jersey City, NJ and maintains his health by cycling and interval training several times a week. He explains, “Healthy doctors inspire healthy patients. I follow the same advice I give my patients, and I read constantly to become a better physician every day. I encourage my patients to ask questions and learn about the cause of their symptoms. An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure.”

Dr. Merwin Richard, MD. A cardiologist

Merwin Richard, MD

Cardiologist located in Jersey City, NJ & Union City, NJ

As an established board-certified internist and cardiologist, Merwin Richard, MD, has a reputation for helping patients with the most complex of health conditions. He cares for patients at Advanced Medical Group in West New York, Jersey City, and Union City, New Jersey.

Richard began his undergraduate education in medicine at Stanley Medical College in India. He earned his doctor of medicine degree from Tamil Nadu Dr. M.G.R. Medical University before relocating to New York City.

After completing both his internship and internal medicine residency through the Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Dr. Richard went through advanced fellowship training. He completed a cardiovascular fellowship at Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, then went on to finish a second fellowship in interventional cardiology through Mount Sinai School of Medicine (now Icahn).


Throughout his career, Richard has stayed involved in numerous research projects and previously served as a professor at the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey (now Rutgers University). Richard went on to become the director of the first cardiac catheterization and interventional laboratory in Jersey City and has extensive training in vein treatments.

To ensure he continues staying up to date with the latest research and techniques, Richard maintains his board memberships. He’s board certified through the American Board of Internal Medicine in cardiovascular disease and interventional cardiology.

Being fluent in English,  Spanish, and Tamil gives Richard the opportunity to communicate with patients from diverse cultural backgrounds. Richard is currently accepting new patients.